Be careful where you smile: Culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals
Experimenters asked over five thousand people in 44 different countries to judge a series of eight smiling and non-smiling faces on a scale of honesty and intelligence. The results show that in some cultures a smiling individual may be judged as less intelligent than the same non-smiling individual. Furthermore, they show that corruption at the societal level may weaken the meaning of an evolutionary important signal such as smiling – in societies with high corruption indicators, trust toward smiling individuals is reduced.
This research provides novel insight into the cultural framework surrounding nonverbal communication processes. For more please refer to article
published in the Journal of Nonverbal Behavior:
Krys, K., Vauclair, C.-M., Capaldi, C. A., Lun, V. M.-C., Bond, M. H., Domínguez-Espinosa, A., Torres, C., Lipp, O. V., Manickam, L. S. S., Xing, C., Antalíková, R., Pavlopoulos, V., Teyssier, J., Hur, T., Hansen, K., Szarota, P., Ahmed, R. A., Burtceva, E., Chkhaidze, A., Cenko, E., Denoux, P., Fülöp, M., Hassan, A., Igbokwe, D. O., Işık, İ., Javangwe, G., Malbran, M., Maricchiolo, F., Mikarsa, H., Miles, L. K., Nader, M., Park, J., Rizwan, M., Salem, R., Schwarz, B., Shah, I., Sun, C., Tilburg, W., Wagner, W., Wise, R, & Yu, A. A. (2016). Be careful where you smile: Culture shapes judgments of intelligence and honesty of smiling individuals. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 40, 101-116. doi:10.1007/s10919-015-0226-4